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Africa: SEDES • Middle Semitic • Kintu • Guosa Central Asia: Jalpi • Caucas • Zens • Dravindian • Neo-Sanskrit Europe: Intralingua • Folksprak • Interslavic • Balkan • Samboka Far East: Dan'a'yo • IM • MSEAL
These language are unified by vocabulary, word-order, grammatical cases, grammatical genders, clusivity, typology, phonology, and morphosyntactic alignment. There are no tones. Consonants five places of articulation and four manners for obstruents. Vowels are the five-vowel system, but all available in short and long.
Need to buy T. Burrow (1984). Dravidian Etymological Dictionary, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-864326-5
- The presence of verbs that follow their objects rather than precede them. When subjects are present, the will generally precede the objects.
- The placing in object position of goals of verbs of motion, predicate nominals and adjectives, adverbial complements, and infinitival complements of catenatives.
- The use of verbal auxiliaries that follow rather than precede the main verb with which they are used
- The marking of syntactic functions of nominal elements by means of postpositions, as opposed to prepositions
- Patterns of word order in which adjectives, genitive phrases, demonstratives, and numerals generally precede the noun they modify
- Qualifiers precede adjectives
- Causative verbs
- conjunctive particles
- explicator compound verbs
- dative constructions
- no "to have"
- no articles
- two genders
- No tone
- Five places of articulation and four manners for obstruents
|Nasal||/m/ 𑀫||/n/ 𑀦||/ɳ/ 𑀡||/ɲ/ 𑀜||/ŋ/ 𑀗|
|Unvoiced||/p/ 𑀧||/t/ 𑀢||/ʈ/ 𑀝||/c/ 𑀘||/k/ 𑀓|
|Voiced||/b/ 𑀩||/d/ 𑀤||/ɖ/ 𑀟||/ɟ/ 𑀚||/g/ 𑀕|
|Aspirated||/pʰ/ 𑀨||/tʰ/ 𑀣||/ʈʰ/ 𑀞||/cʰ/ 𑀙||/kʰ/ 𑀔|
|Breathy||/bʰ/ 𑀪||/dʰ/ 𑀥||/ɖʰ/ 𑀠||/ɟʰ/ 𑀛||/gʰ/ 𑀖|
|Fricative||/v/ 𑀯||/s/ 𑀲||/ʂ/ 𑀱||/ɕ/ 𑀰||/h/ 𑀳|
|Lateral||/l/ 𑀮||/ɭ/ 𑀴|
|Approximant||/r/ 𑀭||/ɻ/ 𑀶||/j/ 𑀬|