Literature:Enuma Elish (first tablet)

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Translations

Enuma Elish (first tablet)


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Original

English Original Old Babylonian

When the sky above was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsû, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both,
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being.

e-nu-ma e-liš la na-bu-ú šá-ma-mu
šap-liš am-ma-tum šu-ma la zak-rat
ZU.AB-ma reš-tu-ú za-ru-šu-un
mu-um-mu ti-amat mu-al-li-da-at gim-ri-šú-un
A.MEŠ-šú-nu iš-te-niš i-ḫi-qu-ú-ma
gi-pa-ra la ki-is-su-ru su-sa-a la she-'u-ú
e-nu-ma dingir dingir la šu-pu-u ma-na-ma

Cwengâr

English Original Old Babylonian Cwengâr Retranslation

When the sky above was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsû, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both,
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being.

e-nu-ma e-liš la na-bu-ú šá-ma-mu
šap-liš am-ma-tum šu-ma la zak-rat
ZU.AB-ma reš-tu-ú za-ru-šu-un
mu-um-mu ti-amat mu-al-li-da-at gim-ri-šú-un
A.MEŠ-šú-nu iš-te-niš i-ḫi-qu-ú-ma
gi-pa-ra la ki-is-su-ru su-sa-a la she-'u-ú
e-nu-ma dingir dingir la šu-pu-u ma-na-ma

Gwêrh fôffan egwà anepemocw c'hed,
O angâff agwôrh âr et cwy ês 'emocw,
O anenesocw e cwâfôffan nApàsê ed rhô âdànàf nàl,
o angyn Nêhamat, et peg'hôrh e lhô ,
Anenocw e lhô ngan,
O anenâc'h e en fôlŷr, o anengâm e en rêlhô,
Egwà apemocw êlhôn hen dà te.

During the time when the sky had not been named,
when the earth which lies beneath us kept no name,
And primeval Apàsê, the father of those two,
and Lawless Têhamat, who birthed them, were not yet conjoined,
their water was not twisted,
And no field lay, no hills were seen,
When the Gods had not named one.

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