Literature:The Tower of Babel

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The Tower of Babel is a creation text from the Book of Genesis (also known as "In the beginning") as the first installment of the Tanach in Judaism and the Old Testament in Christianity, detailing an origin myth providing a rationale for why the various peoples of the world speak such diverse languages.

The text has become a popular translation reference for many Conlangs, being one of the first texts to be translated across various Conlangs, the story itself being a story of language-invention, a story inspirational yet familiar to many conlangers/conlinguists, and, like the first (1st) article of The Universal Declaration of Human Riğts and The Internationale, has become a famous text translated into a significant portion of the languages of Earth.

Translations

The Tower of Babel


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English

King James Version (1611)

1 And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.

2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.

3 And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.

4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto Heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.

5 And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.

6 And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.

7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.

8 So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.

9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

Hebrew

Masoretic Text

א וַיְהִ֥י כָל־הָאָ֖רֶץ שָׂפָ֣ה אֶחָ֑ת וּדְבָרִ֖ים אֲחָדִֽים׃
ב וַיְהִ֖י בְּנָסְעָ֣ם מִקֶּ֑דֶם וַֽיִּמְצְא֥וּ בִקְעָ֛ה בְּאֶ֥רֶץ שִׁנְעָ֖ר וַיֵּ֥שְׁבוּ שָֽׁם׃
ג וַיֹּֽאמְר֞וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֗הוּ הָ֚בָה נִלְבְּנָ֣ה לְבֵנִ֔ים וְנִשְׂרְפָ֖ה לִשְׂרֵפָ֑ה וַתְּהִ֨י לָהֶ֤ם הַלְּבֵנָה֙ לְאָ֔בֶן וְהַ֣חֵמָ֔ר הָיָ֥ה לָהֶ֖ם לַחֹֽמֶר׃
ד וַיֹּֽאמְר֞וּ הָ֣בָה ׀ נִבְנֶה־לָּ֣נוּ עִ֗יר וּמִגְדָּל֙ וְרֹאשׁ֣וֹ בַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְנַֽעֲשֶׂה־לָּ֖נוּ שֵׁ֑ם פֶּן־נָפ֖וּץ עַל־פְּנֵ֥י כָל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃
ה וַיֵּ֣רֶד יְהוָ֔ה לִרְאֹ֥ת אֶת־הָעִ֖יר וְאֶת־הַמִּגְדָּ֑ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר בָּנ֖וּ בְּנֵ֥י הָֽאָדָֽם׃
ו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֗ה הֵ֣ן עַ֤ם אֶחָד֙ וְשָׂפָ֤ה אַחַת֙ לְכֻלָּ֔ם וְזֶ֖ה הַֽחִלָּ֣ם לַֽעֲשׂ֑וֹת וְעַתָּה֙ לֹֽא־יִבָּצֵ֣ר מֵהֶ֔ם כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָֽזְמ֖וּ לַֽעֲשֽׂוֹת׃
ז הָ֚בָה נֵֽרְדָ֔ה וְנָֽבְלָ֥ה שָׁ֖ם שְׂפָתָ֑ם אֲשֶׁר֙ לֹ֣א יִשְׁמְע֔וּ אִ֖ישׁ שְׂפַ֥ת רֵעֵֽהוּ׃
ח וַיָּ֨פֶץ יְהוָ֥ה אֹתָ֛ם מִשָּׁ֖ם עַל־פְּנֵ֣י כָל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וַֽיַּחְדְּל֖וּ לִבְנֹ֥ת הָעִֽיר׃
ט עַל־כֵּ֞ן קָרָ֤א שְׁמָהּ֙ בָּבֶ֔ל כִּי־שָׁ֛ם בָּלַ֥ל יְהוָ֖ה שְׂפַ֣ת כָּל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וּמִשָּׁם֙ הֱפִיצָ֣ם יְהוָ֔ה עַל־פְּנֵ֖י כָּל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃

Fén Ghír

Babel ba Malun

1. Bhé én ghír na cun mhóca me tol ír cu bhocá.

2. On bhé té bhoc anan dó ló, bhé bhoc me palir ír cu Chinar cór ló, bhé thé íc ce ló.

3. On bhé ghír me ló cór ló; “Bhoc. On tel dén tolic me dí, bér fhér ló me dí.” An bhé pilán pon tolic na nén pon dénéchon ce ló.

4. On bhé ghír ítá me ló; “Bhoc. Tel dhén labhen me dí. Tel dén malun ét ífan ced me ít ba níl me dí. In tel dhén én fhémoc pon dí, lé thé tol íra ba dem alona me ló.”

5. On bhoc lór me Úlan pon cím labhen na malun ét té dhén me Adem ba ína.

6. On bhé ghír ítá me Úlan, “Cím. On té én ghél me ló, bhé én ghír cór ló, té ét lé dhír ditol bhoc én chon ít me ló. En én cíder tel ghar ló dó ló ba med.

7. Bhoc. Lé lór me dí. In chuc ló ba gír chím me dí, tel dén chím del ló me ló.”

8. In bhé lúr ló me Úlan cór tol ír, tel dén labhen me ló."

9. On bhé chuc ló ba gír chím me Úlan, bhé dén lé ló me Úlan cór lúr tol ír , bhé fémoc Babel cór labhen ít.

Nevotak

  1. hu toizat re hi nuzh-rira es hi nuz-ub-rira.
  2. en hat chin res muz bi kezhar, res en Shinar wai no hi koria es ya hatwai.
  3. res muis nuz "tok, hatiz ur es wa teuz duzmeh hu enu res", es res nom duzmeh nai tom, nom duzhiru nai rairu.
  4. res muis nuz "tok, hatiz ur teuz hi kinizh es hi hozreh, hat hozreh we tok toi, es hatiz ur kium to hi men, baar ur muis haz ez fohiz en hu toizat.
  5. Adim dik tok no hat itak dazro teuz hat kinizh es hat hozreh.
  6. Adim nuz "hoz! hat itak hito, zab itak nom hi nuzh; es res hi muz hat rih, un nure has hum res muz res esu muz zak tak."
  7. Tok! hatiz ur dik, es hatwai madoz res nuzh, en hat bak res nu ubnez muis nuzh.
  8. Ta hat, Adim fohiz res bi hatwai en toizat zab zat, es res haz nu teuz hat kinizh
  9. Ta hat bi, hat hozreh re men ez bez Babel; Ta Adim hatwai madoz toizat itak re nuzh fohiz res bi hatwai en toizat zab zat.

Kah

Tau yula kwambe le yuka kwa
now world whole have language one
ai aka nyoshi.
and speech common
Eta uyu nudora tinuno,
when people migrate east
henyun huan la Shinaran ai nudora lai.
find plain be at Shanar and migrate there
Yunyo ka noyom:
they say each other
"Lo, om jam duzu ai shanzu tuntu."
foc, adh make brick and bake thorough
Za duzu yompo adu, ai toisau yompo doshum.
take brick instead of stone, and tar instead of mortar
Tai ka: "Lo, om jando walonyo dola
then say: foc, adh build ourselves city
ya le wendo ya deche tilan,
it have tower it reach heaven
eno jam walonyo senka
in order to make ourselves name
ai eno al nong membe wanyo
and in order imps not scatter us
tunu kuchi na yula kwambe,"
across surface of world whole
Esto Tifa vunu
"but lord descend
eno yun dola ai wendo be uyu jando ya.
in order to look city and tower top people build it
Tifa ka: "Tonto shi unyo kwa
"lord say: if like people one
la kaza yuka kwashi,
be at speak language same
yunyo nuku jam awau,
they start do this
tontoye yayang be yunyo jankuren jam ya teneng tos yunyo.
in that case nothing top they plan do it be impossible considering them
Lo, om vunu ai moren yuka na yunyo.
foc, adh descend and confuse language of them
eno nong ke jebo noyom,"
in order that not opt understand each other
Echu Tifa membe yunyo chu lai tunu yula kwambe,
so lord scatter them from there across world whole
ai yunyo bas jando dola.
and they stop build city
Amun chumunye en al kaka Babal --
reason because of that that imps call Babel
chumun lai Tifa moren yuka na yula kwambe.
because there lord confuse language of world whole
Chu lai Tifa membe yunyo tunu kuchi na yula kwambe.
from there lord scatter them across surface of world whole.

Minhast

  1. Mattim šūmī min kirim šarraktī, irriyērum kastarmaharaban, wa'attim.
  2. Wahēk, redad wayyaħna min ambunistikī yalkikmiraban, Šinarkī takušš naħkisaššiatikkenaru.
  3. Indikirišmattararannamā: "Iggar išpisaxtakyatapirmannēruš." Mattim iggar, hambin banak. Mattim issik, hambin nayyapi.
  4. Indikirišmattararannamā: "Hawassabummurratħakaš, šuxtānaran tuyye amandimahampinaft hawassaptirħakuš. Hintirissakšarmakkakannimmāš šarratim suharaktikī tandikaħsaħptarikmaš."
  5. Wahēk, Šuxtānim Ikkūne hārannimā, ummurrat sut tuyyēran sararampi, išpiħyimannarunaft sarmannaru.
  6. Wahēk, Šuxtānim Ikkūne kirimarannamā: "Sapim redad šūmikman, šūmī min kirimaran ittaħšikman, indikanawikmabampi, rearan markanawikminesampiš."
  7. "Wahēk, iknahakmannimāš, kirinseššente haradaknesunimmāš, kirimtarseššentēran ikšempihikminesampiš."
  8. Wahēk, Šuxtānim Ikkūnē išpiknatarkennarunimmā ummurratiyār iknikmaran.
  9. Attim waggabgabalaram hittinristirħaku, Šuxtānim Ikkūnē kirimseššente išpikšempiharu, šarrat min suharaktillidēran išpiknatarkennaru.

Cumbraek

(Genesis 11: 1-9)

  1. A lavre er oll vit oun yeth ag er oun lavrant.
    And the whole earth was of one language and of one speech.
  2. A pann deythyent dhiamm er dooren, oo cassant wostat in tir Shinar a thrigent enayth.
    And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.
  3. A gwoat poap du'y gilidh "Dowit, gwraem bridhveyn ag ow pebi in tan". Ag aidh pridhveyn in'le meyn a fik in'le morhtell.
    And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar.
  4. A gwedent "Dowit, adeylem dhin a thur a estinn i benn du'r nev; a chuhaitthem an anuw rak an skaro truw oll diredh er bit.
    And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
  5. A diskennas er Reen du welet er dhin a'r tur a adeylent vebyon Adhav.
    And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men built.
  6. A gwoat "Sleman! Edh int oun bobul ag ema oun yeth dudhou; a ru chuhwinnsant i wreyth a ne difegyant ow emchen cuhit e cuwlheir ow gweyth."
    And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.
  7. "Dowit, diskennen ag adrisso ow yeth mal nar jalht poap lavrant i gilidh."
    Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
  8. Mal hunn es skaras er Reen o'r le hunnedh truw oll diredh er bit; a difegsant adeylet er dhin.
    So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.
  9. Mal hunn edh aidh Babel i hanuw, in'edrip edh adrissas er Reen yeth er oll vit ag o'r le hunnedh es skaras er Reen troas enep pop wladedh.
    Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

Clofabosin

  1. sertib pretricib ampazone esofos luxedanium esofos serotinazole.
  2. ampazin docelone distusermin, Sinar:ib elcalocine pidezolast flufib letazole.
  3. ampazin aferone epazilin: "capline galelukast gadotovacacog." fluzin capline uldac epsozolast cispine braxistac epsozole.
  4. cefast epazilin: "benzine fexolukast cesopladib vexafulven mixicil piroline fexocog. ezastiline rupacalukast pretricosetron amitilitucog."
  5. beta tropin ampazin fexozil benzium piroline carsapropirdine binizole.
  6. tropin epazilin: "esofos metin esofos luxedane serolukast cefcastim draxorovir. cefkalant fluzin glicapromab elucaine octatecaforcept."
  7. binilukast fluluxedane nivalukast, fluzin aferine mavritumab cacog."
  8. cefast tropin flufisant fluzine pretricosetron amitizolast, fluzin benzine fexocine idozole.
  9. cefase flubenzone "Bavel" epatinib. calan tropin flufib pretricol luxedane nivarotidine eparin. flufisant tropin fluzine pretricosetron amitizole.

Gloss

sertib pretricib ampazone esofos luxedanium esofos serotinazole.
sertib pre-tric-ib amp-az-one esofos luxedan-ium esofos sero-t-ina-zole
time-LOC all-world-LOC person-PL-DAT one language-and one speak-NOMZ-COP-PST.IND
ampazin docelone distusermin, Sinar:ib elcalocine pidezolast flufib letazole.
amp-az-in docel-one distu-sermin, Sinar-ib elca-loc-ine pide-zolast fluf-ib let-azole
person-PL-NOM east-DAT move-PST.while Shinar-LOC flat-land-ACC find-PST.CONJ there-LOC settle-PST.IND
ampazin aferone epazilin: "capline galelukast gadotovacacog." fluzin capline uldac epsozolast cispine braxistac epsozole.
amp-az-in afer-one epa-zil-in: capl-ine gale-lukast gado-tovaca-cog. fluz-in capl-ine uld-ac epso-zolast cisp-ine braxist-ac epso-zole
person-PL-NOM each_other-DAT say-PST.ATTR-NOM brick-ACC make-PRES.CONJ well-fire-COHORT that.PL-NOM brick-ACC stone-as use-PST.CONJ tar-ACC cement-CONJ use-PST.IND
cefast epazilin: "benzine fexolukast cesopladib vexafulven mixicil piroline fexocog. ezastiline rupacalukast pretricosetron amitilitucog."
cefast epa=zil-in: benz-ine fexo-lukast ceso-pladib vexa-fulven mixi-cil pirol-ine fexo-cog ez-astili-ne rupa-ca-lukast pre-trico-setron amiti-li-tu-cog
then say-PST.ATTR-NOM city-ACC build-PRES.CONJ that.SG.INAN-inside sky-until rise-FUT.ATTR tower-ACC build-COHORT 1PL-name-ACC hear-CAUS-FUT.CONJ whole-world-throughout scatter-PASS-NEG.IRR-COHORT
beta tropin ampazin fexozil benzium piroline carsapropirdine binizole.
beta trop-in amp-az-in fexo-zil benz-ium pirol-ine carsa-pro-pirdine bini-zole
but god-NOM person-PL-NOM build-PST.ATTR city-and tower-ACC observe-DES-PST.QUOT descend-PST.IND
tropin epazilin: "esofos metin esofos luxedane serolukast cefcastim draxorovir. cefkalant fluzin glicapromab elucaine octatecaforcept."
trop-in epa-zil-in eso-fos met-in eso-fos luxeda-ne sero-lukast cef-ca-stim draxo-ro-vir cef-kalant fluz-in gli-ca-promab elucaine octa-teca-for-cept
god-NOM say-PST.ATTR-NOM one-CLF tribe-NOM one-CLF language-ACC speak-PRES.CONJ this-do-RES start-PERF-PRES.IND this-in_view_of that.PL-NOM what-do-DES.PRES.SUBJ regardless_of that.PL-ACC prevent-can-NEG-FUT
binilukast fluluxedane nivalukast, fluzin aferine mavritumab cacog."
bini-lukast flu-luxeda-ne niva-lukast fluz-in afer-ine mavri-tu-mab cacog
descend-PRES.CONJ their-language-ACC confuse-PRES.CONJ that.PL-NOM each_other-ACC understand-NEG.IRR-SUBJ do-COHORT
cefast tropin flufisant fluzine pretricosetron amitizolast, fluzin benzine fexocine idozole.
cefast trop-in fluf-isant fluz-ine pre-trico-setron amiti-zolast fluz-in benz-ine fexo-cine ido-zole
then god-NOM there-from that.PL-ACC whole-world-throughout scatter-PST.CONJ that.PL-NOM city-ACC build-VN-ACC stop-PST.IND
cefase flubenzone "Bavel" epatinib. calan tropin flufib pretricol luxedane nivarotidine eparin. flufisant tropin fluzine pretricosetron amitizole.
cefase flu-benz-one B. epa-tinib cala-n trop-in fluf-ib pre-tric-ol luxeda-ne niva-ro-tidine epar-in fluf-isant trop-in fluz-ine pre-trico-setron amiti-zole
hence that-city-DAT B. say-GNOM.IND reason-NOM god-NOM there-LOC whole-world-GEN language-ACC confuse-PERF-GNOM.QUOT saying-NOM there-from god-NOM whole-world-throughout scatter-PST.IND